Inflamed, Painful Joints
Gout is a health problem that causes inflamed, painful joints. Gout affects more men than women. It is often linked with obesity, high blood pressure, high levels of lipids in the blood (hyperlipidemia), and diabetes.
Gout is caused by monosodium urate crystal deposits in the joints. This is due to an excess of uric acid in the body. Too much uric acid may be caused by several things. It may be caused by the body making too much uric acid. Or the kidneys may not get rid of enough uric acid. It may also be caused by eating a lot of foods that are high in purines. Purines turn into uric acid in the body.
Foods high in purines include:
- Alcoholic drinks and sugary drinks high in fructose
- Certain meats, such as game meats, kidney, brains, and liver
- Dried beans and dried peas
- Seafood, such as anchovies, herring, scallops, sardines, and mackerel
Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each person. Common symptoms include:
- General feeling of illness
- Hard lumps of urate crystal deposits under the skin (tophi)
- Severe, sudden pain in one or more joints, most often the joint in the big toe
- Skin that is red or purple, tight, and shiny over the joint
- Swollen joint(s)
- Warmth in the joint area
Treatment will depend on your symptoms, your age, and your general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is. You can reduce the risk of future flare-ups of gout and decrease their severity by taking medicine as prescribed.