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Upper GI Endoscopy

Treating Your Upper Gastrointestinal Tract

An upper GI endoscopy or EGD (esophagogastroduodenoscopy) is a procedure to diagnose and treat problems in your upper GI (gastrointestinal) tract.

The upper GI tract includes your food pipe (esophagus), stomach, and the first part of your small intestine (the duodenum). This procedure is done using a long, flexible tube called an endoscope. The tube has a tiny light and video camera on one end. The tube is put into your mouth and throat. Then it is slowly pushed through your esophagus and stomach, and into your duodenum. Video images from the tube are seen on a screen.

Small tools may also be put into the endoscope. These tools can be used to:

  • Take tissue samples for a biopsy

  • Remove things such as food that may be stuck in the upper GI tract

  • Inject air or fluid

  • Stop bleeding

  • Do procedures such as endoscopic surgery, laser therapy, or open (dilate) a narrowed area

Why might I need an upper GI endoscopy?

An upper GI endoscopy can be used to diagnose and treat problems in your upper GI tract.

It is often used to find the cause of unexplained symptoms such as:

  • Trouble swallowing (dysphagia)

  • Unexplained weight loss

  • Upper belly pain or chest pain that is not heart-related

  • Continuous vomiting for an unknown reason (intractable vomiting)

  • Bleeding in the upper GI tract